Skip to main content

Contextual Relevancy

The contextual relevancy metric measures the quality of your RAG pipeline's retriever by evaluating the overall relevance of the information presented in your retrieval_context for a given input. deepeval's contextual relevancy metric is a self-explaining LLM-Eval, meaning it outputs a reason for its metric score.

Required Arguments

To use the ContextualRelevancyMetric, you'll have to provide the following arguments when creating an LLMTestCase:

  • input
  • actual_output
  • retrieval_context

Similar to ContextualPrecisionMetric, the ContextualRelevancyMetric uses retrieval_context from your RAG pipeline for evaluation.


from deepeval import evaluate
from deepeval.metrics import ContextualRelevancyMetric
from deepeval.test_case import LLMTestCase

# Replace this with the actual output from your LLM application
actual_output = "We offer a 30-day full refund at no extra cost."

# Replace this with the actual retrieved context from your RAG pipeline
retrieval_context = ["All customers are eligible for a 30 day full refund at no extra cost."]

metric = ContextualRelevancyMetric(
test_case = LLMTestCase(
input="What if these shoes don't fit?",


# or evaluate test cases in bulk
evaluate([test_case], [metric])

There are six optional parameters when creating a ContextualRelevancyMetricMetric:

  • [Optional] threshold: a float representing the minimum passing threshold, defaulted to 0.5.
  • [Optional] model: a string specifying which of OpenAI's GPT models to use, OR any custom LLM model of type DeepEvalBaseLLM. Defaulted to 'gpt-4o'.
  • [Optional] include_reason: a boolean which when set to True, will include a reason for its evaluation score. Defaulted to True.
  • [Optional] strict_mode: a boolean which when set to True, enforces a binary metric score: 1 for perfection, 0 otherwise. It also overrides the current threshold and sets it to 1. Defaulted to False.
  • [Optional] async_mode: a boolean which when set to True, enables concurrent execution within the measure() method. Defaulted to True.
  • [Optional] verbose_mode: a boolean which when set to True, prints the intermediate steps used to calculate said metric to the console, as outlined in the How Is It Calculated section. Defaulted to False.

How Is It Calculated?

The ContextualRelevancyMetric score is calculated according to the following equation:

Contextual Relevancy=Number of Relevant StatementsTotal Number of Statements\text{Contextual Relevancy} = \frac{\text{Number of Relevant Statements}}{\text{Total Number of Statements}}

Although similar to how the AnswerRelevancyMetric is calculated, the ContextualRelevancyMetric first uses an LLM to extract all statements made in the retrieval_context instead, before using the same LLM to classify whether each statement is relevant to the input.